28.9% of households were one person and 12.5% were one person aged 65 or older. Due to the work of NRI and its members, Nauvoo has been dubbed the “Williamsburg of the Midwest.” In March 2007, Nauvoo was nominated to compete as one of the Seven Wonders of Illinois.[16]. Donner party leaves Springfield by wagon train for California; forty-two perish in Sierra Mountains snowstorms. See Wikipedia articles entitled "Nauvoo, Illinois", "History of Nauvoo, Illinois", and "Nauvoo Historic District".. Resources [edit | edit source]. The population of Nauvoo was 1,149 at the 2010 census. It lies along the Mississippi River, about 30 miles (50 km) southwest of Burlington, Iowa. The Mormon community was initially welcomed and expanded rapidly into a permanent… Sperry has collected all the disparate resources on Nauvoo into one place, creating a gargantuan volume that sets out to be “a guide to many articles and books that have been published describing various aspects of family history and historical research” related to Nauvoo and western Illinois (viii). Organized under Illinois law, the Nauvoo Legion was a city militia made up primarily of Latter-day Saints. Few other than Mormons and those who live in Nauvoo know that this town is a sort of mecca for members of the Church of Latter-Day Saints. An Act to Repeal the Act Entitled “An Act to Incorporate the City of Nauvoo,” Approved December 16, 1840 [29 Jan. 1845], Laws of the State of Illinois [1844–1845], pp. 1846. The initial cost of the home was $2,500. The site where the Woodruff Nauvoo Hotel is located has long been a recognizable place in the history of Nauvoo. [4][5], After Joseph Smith's death in 1844, continued violence from surrounding non-Mormons forced most Latter-Day Saints to leave Nauvoo. The book is divided into five chapters. [22], At the 2010 census, 1,149 people, 494 households, and 351 families resided in the city. PBS Documentary. 187–188. Due to lack of sustainable industries, the city has lost several key businesses and services including the High School and multiple small businesses. [6] Most of these followers, led by Brigham Young, emigrated to the Great Salt Lake Valley. The median age was 43 years. Originally named St. Scholastica Academy it opened on November 2, 1874. Having received necessary state approval, the citizens designated their militia the "Nauvoo … II, Munsell Publishing Company, Chicago, 1921. Nauvoo, IL. 1842: ... February 1 -2 brought a blizzard of historic proportions, considered the third-worst in Illinois history. The city's per capita income was $18,150. Brigham Young and the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles led the Church while Joseph Smith remained in prison on false charges of treaso… The colony had over 500 members at its peak, but Cabet's death in 1856 led some members to leave this parent colony. CR 100 102, boxes 1–7. JS History / Smith, Joseph, et al. The trail’s end, in far off Utah Territory, was a difficult, perilous road those who had just left Illinois had little choice but to traverse. In the early and mid 20th century Nauvoo was primarily a Roman Catholic town, and a plurality of the population today is Methodist or another Christian faith.[7]. In 1834 the name Venus was changed to Commerce because the settlers felt the new name better suited their plans. This article details some of the history of Nauvoo, Illinois. Nauvoo, city, Hancock county, western Illinois, U.S. By 1829 this area of Hancock County had grown sufficiently so that a post office was needed and in 1832 the town, now called Venus, was one of the contenders for the new county seat. Artist Insights into the 50 foot Mural for the Rome Italy LDS Temple - Duration: 36:55. Situated on Water Street near the banks of the Mississippi River in Nauvoo, Illinois, is the former home of Aaron Johnson, a faithful Latter-day Saint. Religion and Nauvoo. The book is divided into five chapters. Sac and Fox Originally settled by the Sac and Fox Tribes the swampy lands of the Mississippi provided a seasonal encampment for up to 700 native americans at any given time. The flatlands are occupied by a small number of 19th-century brick houses and other buildings that have survived the city's vicissitudes, with large empty spaces between them where houses and whole neighborhoods have disappeared. Nauvoo is a historic Mormon community founded in 1839 on the banks of the Mississippi River. In 1991 the Nauvoo FPD became a BLS non-transporting agency, relying on the county ambulance service to transport patients to local hospitals. NRI is a nonprofit organization supported by the LDS Church and Community of Christ, as well as others interested in Nauvoo's history. Pioneer History in Nauvoo Illinois. 1846. 1857: Emile Baxter and Sons open a winery in Nauvoo, IL, along the banks of the Mississippi River. Show map of Illinois. Prior to 2008 high school residents attended Nauvoo-Colusa High School from 1961 to 2008. By 1827, white settlers had built cabins in the area. Nauvoo is also home to Baxter's Vineyards, a small family-owned winery begun in 1857 by Emile Baxter that is Illinois' oldest established winery.[26][27][28]. According to the Joseph Smith Papers website, Aaron Johnson joined the then-called The Church of the Latter-day Saints in 1836. Joseph Smith (1805-1844) chooses Nauvoo as headquarters for the Mormon church. On the city's higher ground are the temple, residential areas, and the business district along Mulholland Street (Illinois Route 96), much of it devoted to the needs of tourists and those interested in Latter Day Saint history. Until the early Saints leveled them to build homes and farms, Indian mounds dominated Nauvoo. Nauvoo. The Nauvoo Illinois Temple is the 113th dedicated temple of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church). Temple presidents are called to oversee all activities performed at the temple. In 1849, Icarians moved to the Nauvoo area to implement a utopian socialist commune based on the ideals of French philosopher Étienne Cabet. The city of Quincy, Illinois, is best known in Mormon history as a point of relocation for Latter-day Saint refugees after their expulsion from Missouri in 1839. The creation of Nauvoo as a historical tourism destination was largely a result of the work of J. LeRoy Kimball (1901–1992). Location. According to “A History of Winemaking in America”, there are vineyards and wineries located in Nauvoo, Golconda, Mascoutah, Peoria, Belleville, St. Elmo, Collinsville, Bloomington, and other locations throughout Illinois. Nauvoo. Nauvoo, city, Hancock county, western Illinois, U.S. Beginning in 1839, Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints purchased lands in earlier settlement of Commerce and planned settlement of Commerce City, as well as surrounding areas. The aldermen are Tom Adams, Clive Moon, Bev Reynolds, Jim Boyles, Dave Koechle, and Lee Ourth.[30]. Nauvoo, Illinois FamilySearch Center. Within two years of Joseph Smith's death by a mob in 1844, most of the population had departed, fleeing armed violence. [32], Nauvoo is also home to the private Sts. Historian’s Office, History of the Church, 1839–ca. It dumped up to two feet of snow on the northern part of the state. Nauvoo, IL. City. Location of Nauvoo in Hancock County, Illinois. They named the city Nauvoo. It was one of the first settlements and by far the largest in the 1830s when Joseph Smith brought his congregation to Illinois. [8] He was the president of Nauvoo Restoration, Inc. from 1962 to 1986. About 5.6% of families and 12.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.2% of those under age 18 and 18.2% of those age 65 or over. The area of Nauvoo was first called Quashquema, named in honor of the Native American chief who headed a Sauk and Fox settlement numbering nearly 500 lodges. The city's per capita income was $26,210. Nauvoo History Nauvoo during the Mormon period (1839 - 1846) Forced to leave the State of Missouri by order of the governor, members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (commonly called Mormons or Latter Day Saints) began streaming into Illinois and the then Iowa Territory in the harsh winter of 1838-39. Perrigrine Sessions Journal, January 30, 1846, Church Archives, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Nauvoo-Colusa Community Unit School District 325, Warsaw Community Unit School District 316, "Mormons begin exodus to Utah - Feb 10, 1846 - HISTORY.com", https://nauvoovacationrentals.com/nauvoo-pageant.html, "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990", "G001 - Geographic Identifiers - 2010 Census Summary File 1", "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010", "Nauvoo Tourism office - Visitor information", "Dollar General in Nauvoo to open this month", "Voters approve Warsaw/Nauvoo-Colusa deactivation plans", Historic sites of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Nauvoo,_Illinois&oldid=995797817, Illinois populated places on the Mississippi River, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 22 December 2020, at 23:13. However, the honor was awarded to a nearby city, Carthage. They were able to do so while living at Nauvoo, a major site of LDS history. They first called the area Quashquema, named in honor of the Native American chief who headed a Sauk and Fox settlement numbering nearly 500 lodges. This comprehensive work on the history, structure, and purpose of the Nauvoo Legion traces its unique story from its founding to the Mormon exodus in 1846. There were 403 households, of which 28.0% had children under the age of 18, 58.3% were married couples living together, 6.9% had a female householder with no husband present and 31.3% were non-families. The Nauvoo Blue Cheese company began to produce cheese in the 1930s. Family history students at Brigham Young University's Center for Family History and Genealogy are working in conjunction with LDS Church Historic Sites to identify the residents of Nauvoo, Illinois, from 1839 to 1846. 6 Brown, “Sacred Departments for Temple Work in Nauvoo,” 363; Launius and McKiernan, Joseph Smith, Jr.’s Red Brick Store, 27. So I really appreciated their knowledge about the early Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saint Pioneers and their history. Nauvoo. [19] Situated on a wide bend in the Mississippi River, Nauvoo has most of the historic district in the lower flat lands (called the flats) that are no more than a few feet above the water line. The Mormons led in 1839 by their prophet Joseph Smith, who drained the swamps, gave Nauvoo its name and built a town that rivaled Chicago until religious percussion led them to head out west. Show map of Illinois. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.70. From Nauvoo the Mormon Trail began, and one more group would face the long journey west. The name Nauvoo is derived from the traditional Hebrew language with an anglicized spelling. They called the area "Quashquema", named in honor of the Native American chief who headed a Sauk and Fox settlement numbering nearly 500 lodges. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.8 males. German speaking pioneers brought stability and progress to Nauvoo. Hancock Eagle. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.04. In the early and mid 20th century Nauvoo was primarily a Catholic town, and the majority of the population today is Catholic. Nauvoo Expositor – William Law et al. The age distribution was 19.9% under the age of 18 and 29.9% 65 or older. Explore more than 30 historic sites from 1839-1846. The Nauvoo FPD completed its fundraising efforts on November 30, 2007, to purchase its ambulance, which entered service in January 2008. 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