Good sanitation is very effective in reducing rat and mice populations in human dwellings or work places. Messmer. Taxonomy and distribution of the mammals of New Mexico: an annotated checklist. Checklist of New Mexico Mammals. Occasional Papers, Museum of Texas Tech University 240:1-32. Mammals of New Mexico. Biota Information System of New Mexico (BISON-M) Species accounts for vertebrates and many groups of invertebrate. Rats can fit through a 1/2-inch hole. spp. This may spread the virus through the air, allowing it to become inhaled. This list is currently not up A total of 458 samples from 13 rodent and one lagomorph species collected between November 2002 and July 2004 were tested by nested PCR targeting the 18S ribosomal RNA gene (18S rRNA). To make the trap more effective, attach a 2-by-2 inch piece of cardboard to the trigger (fig. Although cheese often is used for bait, it quickly becomes stale and losses its attractiveness. Wear protective clothing, including latex or rubber gloves. Revised checklist of North American mammals north of Mexico, 2003. The chlorine bleach destroys the virus. Symptoms of HPS usually appear within two weeks of infection but can appear as early as three days or as late as six weeks after infection. We seek to improve the lives of New Mexicans, the nation, and the world through research, teaching, and extension. Type These mice get their name from their more insect-oriented diets. The following steps should be followed when eliminating rodents in a domestic or work setting (fig. Bosque, Doña Ana Co. It comprises all native and non-native species of mammals that occur, or recently occurred, in New Mexico. Regional Information These are associated with the hispid cotton rat (Sigmodon hispidus) and the rice rat (Oryzomys palustris), both found in the southeastern United States; white-footed mouse (Peromyscus leucopus), found in New England and the mid-Atlantic and southern states, the Midwest and the western states; and commensal rodents, found in the U.S. port cities. The house mouse (fig. Masks need to be worn if the confined area is infested with rodents. Mammals of New Mexico [Bailey, Vernon, Illustrated] on Inexpensive painters' masks are not effective and may give a false sense of security. In 1993, hantavirus was diagnosed in the Four Corners area of Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico, and Utah. Until gloves are disinfected, do not touch anything like door handles or countertops. The following measures should be used to protect yourself against contracting hantavirus when trapping rodents. Paper boxes, plastic bags, and cellophane packages are easily accessible by rodents. 1), roof rat (fig. Commensal Rodents. Rats and mice are infamous for causing a lot of damage inside homes and businesses. Mammals Of New Mexico full free pdf books For permission to use publications for other purposes, contact, College of Agricultural, Consumer, and Environmental Sciences, College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences (ACES), Pocket Guide to the Native Bees of New Mexico, Pocket Guide to the Beneficial Insects of New Mexico. Mammals of Fort Bliss Military Base: Pdf of Clary et al. There are many different rodenticides available on the market. We all know rodent infestations are gross, but they can be dangerous, too. In Bernalillo County, most cases are reported from the East Mountains region but there have also been cases from the western foothills and north Albuquerque Acres. Jon Boren, Extension Wildlife Specialist For more information view the links on the left-hand navigation bar or visit: New Mexico Department of Health As with any toxicant, the label directions should always be read and followed exactly. Mammals of New Mexico. The house mouse (fig. Mammals Of New Mexico Rock squirrels can be found in Southern Nevada, Utah, Colorado, Arizona, New Mexico, and Western Texas. Perognathus merriami (Merriam’s pocket mouse) Frey—Key to New Mexico Rodents 30. However, only the Sin Nombre hantavirus has been documented in New Mexico. Figure taken from West and Messmer (1998). By. Download Mammals Of New Mexico full book in PDF, EPUB, and Mobi Format, get it for read on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. Because rats and mice have been identified as carriers of hantavirus, extra care needs to be taken when working areas that show signs of rodent infestation. Young deer mice are gray with white underbellies. 3) are the common commensal rodents found throughout New Mexico. Checklist of Mammals North of Mexico: Pdf of Baker et al. Then soak the rodent and trap with a disinfectant solution. Hantaviruses, causal agents of the potentially lethal hantavirus pulmonary syndrome, have widely distributed rodent hosts. Series: North American fauna ; no. The underside is gray to yellow-white. For example, wet years can result in increased vegetation that supports a larger rodent population. caution when using information from this site. Masks need to have a HEPA (high efficiency particulate air) or N-100 filter. Mexico where mammal taxa were described. Whenever possible, rodent exclusion is recommended as the most permanent means of control. Rodents are the only animals known to play a direct role in transmitting hantavirus. Bugs and Pests. Although once contracted, the virus is not always fatal. In fact, the species … of New Mexico (Bailey, V., 1913).1 This includes a map of the life zones of the State, descriptions of the physiographic features, and lists of characteristic zone-marking plants, birds, and mammals. Includes Annotated Checklist to the Mammals of Texas: Pdf version of Manning Guide L-209 When cleaning up excreta, put on latex or rubber gloves and then saturate fecal pellets with the 10 percent chlorine bleach solution. Recipient(s) will receive an email with a link to 'Mammals of New Mexico' and will not need an account to access the content. south-central New Mexico Exclusion is not easy, because mice can get through holes as small as a 1/4 inch. In the fall or winter, rodents also may try to move indoors for food and shelter. series of the American Society of Mammalogists. Species Account numbers and ASM slides. The eyes are large and bulging. College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences, New Mexico State University (Print Friendly PDF). The information given herein is supplied with the understanding that no discrimination is intended and no endorsement is implied by NMSU's Cooperative Extension Service. So there’s no shortage of habitat for the 500 species of birds, 150 species of mammals, and 123 species of reptiles and amphibians that call New Mexico home. A Field Guide to the Mammals of North American North of Mexico. Includes taxonomy, distribution, habitats, natural history, etc. 5). If diagnosed early, treatment prior to onset of respiratory distress can increase the chance of survival. All other rights reserved. Seal cracks in building foundations and openings for water pipes, vents, and utilities with metal or concrete. House Mice in Santa Fe and Albuquerque NM. Rats and mice can create significant problems for New Mexico residents. Its color varies from black to brownish gray, and the underside varies from gray to white. Hantavirus can be difficult to diagnosis, because the symptoms mimic the common flu. West, B.C., and T.A. Henderson. Mammals of Kansas: Comprehensive field guide to Kansas mammals, Annotated Checklist of the Mammals of Nevada:  PDF of Mantooth and All baits should be fresh and changed daily. The tail is scaly and always shorter than the combined length of the head and body. of Southwestern Biology, 7:1-21. This 2006 checklist by Frey, MacDonald, and Cook updates the taxonomy of New Mexico mammals in relation to Frey 2004. Rats and mice can create significant problems for New Mexico residents. Always wear latex or rubber gloves when trapping rodents. Available online: (Jan. 3, 2002). and status. taxonomy, distribution, habitats, natural history, etc. ISBN: 0826303692 9780826303691: OCLC Number: 1286432: Description: xxii, 360 pages : illustrations ; 25 cm: Responsibility: James S. Findley [and others]. 1998. Mammalian Species: Mammalian Species is a peer-reviewed publication The Risks of Rodents in New Mexico. Also wipe down all surfaces where the droppings were found, such as shelves, counters, and cabinets, with disposable rags or paper towels soaked in the solution. Wait one hour and then pick up saturated pellets with paper towels and double bag and place in trash. to date. Figure taken from Texas Wildlife Mammals of New Mexico by Findley, James S., 1975, University of New Mexico Press edition, in English - 1st ed. Figure taken from Western Exterminator Company (2002). Then saturate the nest with the 10 percent chlorine bleach solution. This creature is very strange-looking, and in critical danger of extinction. accounts for vertebrates and many groups of invertebrate. Download in PDF, EPUB, and Mobi Format for read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. Because rats and mice are so common in New Mexico throughout the entire year, it’s important to know what harm they may bring. However, the Sin Nombre virus is not restricted to deer mice. information, always verify information based on original citations. Annotated Checklist to the Marine Mammals of Texas: Pdf version of Mammals Of New Mexico Mammals Of New Mexico by James Smith Findley. Texas Wildlife Damage Management Service, San Antonio, Texas, L-1916. Peanut butter, oats, chocolate, and bacon are good baits for rodents. Utah State University Extension Service, Logan, Utah, FN-FS-250.9. Field Key to Peromyscus maniculatus and P. leucopus in Of Mexico's rodents, 2% are caviomorphs, 14.5% are sciurids, 25.5% are castorimorphs and 58% are cricetids. 1997- In addition, do not reuse snap traps because of the increased risk of exposure to the virus. Most are anticoagulants, which cause death to the rodent by internal bleeding. Washington, D.C.[U.S. Govt. This distribution is fairly similar to that of the remainder of North America (although sciurids are relatively twice as abundant to the north, at the expense of cricetids), but is very different from that of South America , where the corresponding figures are 36%, 3%, 1% and 60%. PDF of Frey 2004. account that summarizes available information on a particular species. Use extreme Waste, such as empty boxes and cartons, should be disposed of promptly so that it will not serve as shelter for rodents. Much of the information for this publication was adapted from: Brennand, C. P. 1999. They can chew up wiring as well as insulation, resulting in fire hazards. the first 631 accounts. First, try to eliminate them immediately using snap traps. New Mexico/Arizona, 2010: some notes from John Fox on Antelope Jackrabbits and Banner-tailed Kangaroo Rats. information on habitats, and references for Mammalian Species accounts DeLeon and Jones 1998, Kansas 2), and Norway rat (fig. All openings rodents can enter should be covered with rodent-resistant materials, such as 1/4-inch hardware cloth. 1994. Unfortunately, these devices have not withstood scientific scrutiny. Rats and mice also can carry diseases that are health hazards to both humans and domestic animals, such as typhus fever, trichinosis, plague, salmonella, and hantavirus. Waste and garbage also should be disposed in tightly covered metal cans. Controlling House Mice. Latex, plastic, rubber, and wood materials also are unsuitable for plugging holes used by rats and mice. This site includes an index to the accounts and downloadable pdf files of New Mexico woman dies of Hantavirus, rare illness spread by rodents April 26, 2018 / 4:37 PM / CBS News A 27-year-old woman has died from a rodent-borne disease about three … However, the likelihood of contracting hantavirus can be decreased. Bait boxes will provide safeguards for people, pets, and other nontarget animals. This 2006 checklist by Frey, They include the largest living rodent, the Capybara, and can be found across the moist savanna to the thorn forests and scrub deserts. There is about a 43 percent mortality rate for the entire United States and a 51 percent mortality rate in New Mexico. Schmidly's 1994 book A successful bait program is achieved when baits are no longer being eaten, when there are no fresh droppings, and when no live rats or mice are seen. This is a comprehensive technical key to the rodents of New Mexico by J. Frey. Print. Both diseases occur naturally in New Mexico. Each volume is an By. Occasional Papers, Museum of Texas Tech University, 229:1-24. Book Title. Rat feces in particular are feared for their ability to spread disease. Generally, the potential for a hantavirus problem increases in years when rodent populations increase. They can cause structural damage to buildings by their gnawing and nest-building activities. Key to the small terrestrial mammals of the Grand Canyon NMSU and the U.S. Department of Agriculture cooperating. The house mouse (Mus musculus) (fig. Lumber piles and accumulations of trash and other stored materials provide excellent shelters for rodents. Figure 4: Burt and Grossenheider 1980. Using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, we tested blood from 398 wild rodents captured in eastern New Mexico, US in 2015–17 and found 42 antibody-positive samples representing six genera. That's why it is best to use chlorine bleach. Riddle 2005 Send Email. This is the only long-term prevention method, which requires time and energy as described below. Utah and Colorado with selected highlights (mainly interesting rodents and bats). New Mexico, N. Arizona, S.E. The Norway rat (Rattus norvegicus) (fig. Taxonomy and Distribution of the Mammals of New Mexico: Biota Information System of New Mexico (BISON-M), Field Key to the Terrestrial Small Mammals of the Mesilla Valley, Field Key to the Terrestrial Small Mammals of the Fra, Annotated Checklist of the Mammals of Oklahoma, Annotated Checklist to the Mammals of Texas, Annotated Checklist to the Marine Mammals of Texas. The Peterson Field Guide Series. For additional information, contact the New Mexico Department of Health (1-800-879-3421) or the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention(1-800-311-3435). Containers known as bait boxes can be purchased that protect baits from the weather and restrict access mainly to rodents. Bureau of Biological Survey. The severe respiratory distress is what leads to the high fatality rate. Bailey, Vernon, 1864-1942 United States. Proper single and double trap placement along a wall. Do not use steel wool, because rodents can gnaw through the material. Key to the Rodents of New Mexico. mammals in relation to Frey 2004. Many devices that produce ultrasonic sound and electromagnetic fields have been marketed as effective and easy ways to frighten mice and rats away. Field Key to the Terrestrial Small Mammals of the Fra The ears are large, rounded and mostly hairless. A house mouse infestation can be especially troublesome because these rodents reproduce at a rapid rate. 1), roof rat (fig. The virus is carried in the rodents' saliva, feces, and urine. They have heavy bodies and large heads, and almost none of them have tails. However, use Lysol if a surface could be damaged by bleach. The face features a blunt nose and small ears and eyes. While this is a good reference for quick HPS is the term most medical professionals use. Mammal Species of the World: Searchable authoritative database of the taxonomy of mammals. Contents of publications may be freely reproduced for educational purposes. The best way to eliminate the food supply is to store foodstuffs in rodent-proof containers, such as metal containers, glass bottles, and heavy plastic containers with tight-fitting lids. Raul Valdez, Professor However, hantavirus has a high fatality rate, and it is necessary to take precautions. A distinguishing characteristic is the bicolored tail, the top half being darker than below. Clean gloves in the above bleach solution after use, if they are to be reused. and Jones 1998, The Mammals of Texas. 1998. Cavies are a family of rodents that are exclusively found in South America. Cover the edges of doors and windows with metal to prevent gnawing. of aqueous suspensions containing various numbers of Pasteurella pestis[Yersinia pestis] (Alexander strain, New Mexico) to test their susceptibility to plague infection in comparison with white laboratory mice inoculated identically. " Disposable plastic gloves can be purchased. Frey Biological Research:  Provides detailed data on several species of conservation concern in New Mexico. Brant and Jones 2005, Utah Ranging 3.5 to 4.5 inches long with shorter hairless, multicolor tails measuring 1.5 to 2 inches long. Frey—Key to New Mexico Rodents 3 Introduction This document provides a technical key for the identification of the rodents (Order Rodentia) that occur in New Mexico. Cooperative Extension Service, Manhattan, Kan., MF-1123. Rats and mice infestations are a fact of life in New Mexico year-round. Hantavirus symptoms are much like the flu: fever, headache, severe muscle aches, shortness of breath, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain and diarrhea. and slides on the ASM Mammal Slide Library. Utah Division of Wildlife; includes GAP predicted habitat maps; otherwise, Damage Management Service (1998). North American Mammals: A searchable field guide to the mammals of Threatened & Endangered Species Amphibians and Reptiles Birds Fish Invertebrates Mammals Nongame These bird and mammal lists were not intended to include all the species, and they give no notes beyond a statement of their proper Burt, W.H., and R.P. These symptoms may last from a few hours to several days, at which time the infection can cause a serious respiratory disease called hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS). Texas Tech University 240:1-32. Locate hay, wood, and compost piles as far away from the home as possible. Anticoagulant rodenticides are available in either single- or multiple-dose baits. The house mouse is one of the most common pest problems. Figure 6. Open doors and windows to allow the area to ventilate for at least one hour. Trypanosoma DNA was this list. In addition, there are numerous other field rodents that seldom live indoors. Third, eliminate potential nesting sites, such as lumber, junk, and insulation piles. Mammalian Type Localities in New Mexico: Pdf of Frey 1996. Taxonomy and distribution of the mammals of North America. Rodenticides also should be used to eliminate trap-shy rodents and for preventative control. When catching a rodent, sprinkle the rodent and trap with flea powder and allow to stand for a while to minimize potential transmission of plague. work stetting. Mammals of New Mexico Deer mice are found almost everywhere in North America. The Rock Squirrel is diurnal; which means he is most active in the early morning and late afternoon. unpublished and some statements my pertain to specific subspecies or Set snap traps along travel routes where rodent signs, such as droppings, are evident. The house mouse has relatively large ears for its size, and the tail is between 3 and 4 inches long. Gravel desert lowlands, dry plains, brushlands and pinyon-juniper forests, from below sea level to 8,000 feet. 1) generally has a grayish brown top and a light cream-colored underside. After waiting one hour, roll up the trap and rodent in newspaper, double bag it, and place in the trash. This is a list of all location in New Click Download for free ebooks. The eyes are large and prominent.                                   Back to Top. Removing vegetation and debris around structures also can discourage rats and mice from entering dwellings. 2003. The term "commensal" means "living with or in close association to humans." Occasional Papers, Museum of                                   Back to Top, Key to the small terrestrial mammals of the Grand Canyon, Annotated Checklist of the Mammals of Colorado, Annotated Checklist of the Mammals of Nevada. This document is a Feasibility Study to assess the potential for the restoration of the River Otter in one or more river reaches in New Mexico. The disinfectant solution should be 10 percent chlorine bleach and 90 percent water (1.5 cups of bleach to 1 gallon of water). Figures in this publication were taken directly from the following sources: Figures 1, 2 and 3: Burt and Grossenheider 1980. The roof rat has large ears and a pointed nose. The New Mexico State Game Commission has approved plans to restore River Otter. of mammals from twelve habitat types at Fort Bliss Military Base; cardboard. Extra care must be taken to protect against hantavirus when cleaning a confined area, especially if it has been vacant for some time and there is evidence, such as rodent droppings, of high rodent activity. Grossenheider. Doors, windows, and screens should fit tightly. Pages; Table of Contents Show More. Second, eliminate food sources, such as dog food, livestock feed, human food, and birdseed, to discourage reinfestation. Field Key to the deer mice (genus Peromyscus) of Key to the Rodents of New Mexico. Figure taken from Sevilleta Long-Term Ecological Research Project (2002). Rats and mice normally begin dying 3 to 10 days after feeding on the baits. The lungs fill with fluid and respiratory failure follows. Many references are Rats and mice can be frightened by loud or unfamiliar sounds. Hantavirus infection usually is spread by inhaling the virus. New Mexico: an annotated checklist. situations other than indicated. Kansas State University Agricultural Experiment Station and 4) is sometimes found indoors, especially with the onset of cold weather during the fall when it moves into structures in search of shelter and food. First, put on latex or rubber gloves. © 2017 New Mexico State University - Board of Regents, To find more resources for your business, home, or family, visit the College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences on the World Wide Web at, Contents of publications may be freely reproduced for educational purposes. Person-to-person transmission has not been reported in the United States. 2) often is called the black rat. 1999. The danger occurs when people breath in contaminated dust while working in or cleaning a rodent problem area. Finally, clean the area according to previously defined guidelines. This is a comprehensive technical key to the rodents of New Mexico by J. Frey. Biota Information System of New Mexico (BISON-M): Species The deer mouse ranges from 6 to 8 inches in total length, including the tail, which is about one-half of its total length. 7). All baits should be placed in rodent travel ways. Results from a bait program cannot always be measured by counting dead rats and mice. PDF of Frey 2004. Next, to protect against plague when cleaning rodent nests, dust nest with flea powder and wait one day. Some cleaning solutions will kill the hantavirus but others will not. 1998. Occasional Papers, Museum of Texas Tech University 192:1-16. Deer Mouse. These situations require more protection and care according to specific guidelines. Includes standardized common names. New Mexico State University is an equal opportunity/affirmative action employer and educator. Field Key to the Terrestrial Small Mammals of the Mesilla Valley Mammals Of New Mexico books. Taxonomy and Distribution of the Mammals of New Mexico:  They also can damage wood doors, floors, walls, clothing, and furniture. Steps to eliminate rodents in a domestic or Annotated Checklist of the Mammals of Oklahoma: Pdf of Choate The body is 6 to 8 inches long and weighs between 12 and 16 ounces.

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